Maricopa ATR-90 - History

Maricopa ATR-90 - History

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An Indian people of the Gila River valley in Arizona; a county in southwest-central Arizona.

(ATR-90: dp. 835; 1. 143'; b. 33'10"; dr. 13'2"; s. 13 k.;
cpl. 45; a. 13", 4 20mm., I dcp.; cl. Maricopa)

Maricopa (ATR-90) was laid down as BAT-2 under a contract from General Motors Corp., Cleveland, Ohio, by Gulfport Boiler & Welding Works, Port Arthur, Tex., 29 May 1942; reclassified AT-146 on 30 September 1942; launched 23 October 1942; reclassified ATR-90 on 5 January 1943; and commissioned 20 January 1943, Lt. Comdr. Myron E. McFarland in command.

After shakedown, Maricopa began duty with the Service
Force, Atlantic Fleet, out of Portland, Maine, towing tar-
get sleds in Casco Bay. She steamed down the Atlantic
coast 7 March and assumed similar duties in Chesapeake
Bay. Departing Norfolk 14 June, she sailed to Bermuda
and on the 17th began duty with the DD-DE Shakedown
Task Group (TG 23.1). Operating out of Port Royal Bay
and St. Georges Bay, she towed target sleds during shake-
down gunnery exercises for destroyer types. Reclassified
ATA-146 on 15 May 1M, she served at Bermuda during
the rest of World War II. After the defeat of the Axis
nations, she returned to New York where she decommis-
sioned 10 July 1946. She transferred to the Maritime Com-
mission 17 October 1947. Transferred again at the end of
nionth, she has served Argentina, as Yamana into

The name Maricopa was assigned to APA-245, a Marltime Commission VC2-S-AP5 type, 26 April 1945; construction by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, Oreg., was suspended 14 August 1945 and the Maritime Commission contract was canceled 19 August 1945.

Maricopa ATR-90 - History

reel to reel tape recorders

PLEASE NOTE: None of the Vintage Museum items are for sale.

Manufacturer Profiles

This is a list of information we have gathered from a variety of sources on some of the major analog reel to reel tape recorder manufacturers. Please note the source "credits' at the end of this page. While we have strived to provide the best information available to us, there will be corrections and additions. We include personal stories about the companies when they are provided to us. We always invite input on corrections and updates. Thank you!

News coverage #1 News coverage #2 • mobile video • more info

The Vintage DVD set is not currently available. The entire 7 hour production is downloadable for $9.95 at this link.

view trailer of the 7 hour collection

Teac Tascam Part 2 of 3 • Go to Part 1 • Go to Part 3 • Go to Part 4

THE PORTASTUDIO makes history

In 1979, TASCAM also unveiled the TEAC 144 Portastudio, the world's first 4 track recorder based on a standard cassette tape. Priced at only $1,100 suggested retail, the 144 brought unprecedented quality, economy and portability within the reach of every serious musician. The 144 Portastudio was a revolutionary creative tool. It allowed musicians the ability to record any number of instrumental and vocal parts on different tracks of the built-in 4 track recorder and later blend all the parts together while transferring them to another standard 2-channel stereo tape deck (remix and mixdown) to form a stereo recording.

TEAC-UK product planner Andy Bereza and Dr. Abe had a unique understanding for the way musicians thought, performed and orchestrated their music. Members of Dr. Abe's core engineering team in Japan were often referred to as "The Black Gang". It was often said that Dr. Abe had a unique knack for motivating not only his core team, but also all those who worked with him in Japan and America. Another individual who made a valuable contribution to the development of the Portastudio was an outside consultant by the name of d' Rossmini.

At this time, TEAC was the only company in the world capable of making a record/erase head small enough to record and play back on 4 individual tracks of a standard audio cassette.

When the Portastudio was first introduced in New York at the AES show held at the Waldorf Astoria hotel, it was hailed by Billboard magazine and Pro Sound News as being the most revolutionary audio product to hit the marketplace. In the ensuing decade, the Portastudio would provide unparalleled career opportunities for the serious musician and greatly influence the course of popular recorded music in the world. (The title track from the Beatles, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band album, was used for comparison at TASCAM's 4 track Portastudio demonstration. The original Beatles album was recorded on 2 AMPEX 4 track recorders.) Spectators were amazed that the Portastudio, in its seemingly small and unassuming package, could faithfully reproduce each of the 4 tracks, separately or together.

Portastudio became a trademark of the TEAC Corporation. The term Portastudio has become a household name among musicians. Despite a growing number of competing multitrack formats and technologies, the Portastudio remains the most popular multitrack recorder in the history of audio recording. Over 20 years since its introduction, thousands and thousands of musicians and songwriters purchase and use Portastudios to capture the creativemoment. Over one million TASCAM Portastudios have been sold since 1979!

1979 TEAC also introduced the A-3440S 1/4 inch multitrack (right), an upgraded 4- track open reel recorder. Even though the A-3440S had the TEAC brand name,it was sold by the TASCAM sales organization through music stores.

1980 By 1980, TASCAM had begun designing recording products for new applications, and Dave Oren spearheaded the design teams for developing a cassette deck suitable for the professional broadcast and recording markets.

TASCAM introduced the 122 cassette deck. The 122 was TASCAM's first professional, rack mounted, 3-head cassette deck with 2 speeds (1 7/8 and 3 3/4). A year after the product was first introduced, NBC standardized their entire operation using the TASCAM 122. The reason NBC made the change was because the 122 had all the capabilities for adjustments and spectacular performance characteristics, and no changes had been made to the product since its introduction into the marketplace. Aided by NBC's practical endorsement of the TASCAM 122, ABC and CBS followed, and before long the 122 became the industry standard.

1981 TASCAM introduced the SYSTEM 20 (1981 ad right), a mixing system configured as a modular system. One only bought the component they needed and then connectedthe different modules together via cables. Unlike traditional consoles that were internally wired, assignments for the System 20 were configured using RCA cables via the external RCA outputs and inputs. The System 20 was one of the best learning systems for mixing ever developed.

The model 22-4 was introduced, TASCAM's first inexpensive 4 track recorder using 7" reels. Also unveiled was the model 22-2 (left), TASCAM's first inexpensive 2 track recorder using 7" reels.

TASCAM introduced the 85-16 multitrack, nicknamed by the market as the "Flamingo" because of its orange legs, the result of miscommunication between the marketing dept. and R&D engineers. However, this did not deter customers because, as a 1" 16 track recorder with 16 channels of dbx, the 85-16 was the best value in the marketplace. The 85-16 was not only an improvement on the earlier 90-16, it was also 25% less expensive.

1982 TASCAM introduced its second large format mixer, the Model 16 (16x8x16). The combination of TASCAM's Model 16 mixer and TASCAM's 85-16recorder solidified TASCAM's position in the 16-track recording business.

In 1982 the 80-8 had run into too many applications conflicts. Although the product was considered a "workhorse" by the industry, it was not able to properly serve both the upper end 8-track market and the entry-level 8-track market at the same time. As a result, two new products emerged: the TASCAM 38 and the TASCAM 58.

1983 TASCAM introduced the 30 series recorders. The TASCAM 38 was a 1/2", 8-track, 10 1/2" reel-to-reel recorder. Introductory price was under $3,000. The 38 filled a niche for the serious entry level recordist. The TASCAM 34 was a 4 track recorder with full frequency response in Sync Mode at an inexpensive price. The TASCAM 32 was a half track master recorder/reproducer using 1/4" tape.

The TASCAM 58 and 58-OB were TASCAM's first +4dB multitrack recorders and were specifically targeted at serious production professionals. Later that year TASCAM introduced the TASCAM 52 1/4" 2-channel half-track mastering and broadcast on air recorder/reproducer. They also introduced the M-30, the replacement for the Model 3. The new model 30 included parametric EQ and phono preamps. The model M-35, an 8-in, 4-out, 8 monitor (8x4x2) mixer, offered modular construction and the option of adding the model M-35EX expansion module. The M-35EX gave expansion capability up to 28 inputs.

The TASCAM M-50 was a 12 input, 8-buss mixer with 2 independent aux systems.

The TASCAM M-16 was a mixer with 16 inputs, 8 outputs, and a 16-channel monitor section. This board was made in either a 16 input or 24 input configuration, a real flexible mixer that you could buy it with 16 inputs and then add modules later to increase the inputs to 24.

Following the success of the 122, TASCAM targeted the multi-image market with the model 133, a professional 3 track cassette deck specialty product with 2 tracks of stereo audio and a cue track. The 133 was a huge success and dominated the multi-image production and presentation market.

The TASCAM 234 Syncaset was the first 4-track rackmountable cassette recorder/reproducer with dbx and 3 3/4 IPS tape speed.

1984 The TASCAM 225 Syncaset was the next generation 2 track, 4 channel cassette deck. It was priced at $350.

Teac released its new generation of reel to reel tape recorders for the consumer market. They were some of the last reel tape recorder produced by Teac. They included the X-700R and the X-2000R reel tape recorders.

TASCAM introduced its first battery operated (4 track) portable studio, the PORTA ONE MINISTUDIO, which operated on both AC power and D cell batteries. The PORTA ONE MINISTUDIO could record 4 tracks on a standard audio cassette.

TASCAM introduced the M-512 and M-520 audio production mixing consoles. These were TASCAM's first cost-effective balanced consoles. They came in two input configurations. 12 x 8 and 20 x 8. These were priced starting at $3,995 suggested retail.

TASCAM introduced the model 244, the second generation Portastudio and the first featuring dbx noise reduction along with 2-band, 4-knobsweepable EQ.

The TASCAM 40 series included the 42-NB 1/4" 2-track 2 channel half track mastering and broadcast on-air recorder/reproducer, the 44-OB 1/4" 4-track recorder/reproducer with10 1/2" reels and 15 IPS, and the 48-OB 1/2" 8 track 8 channel recorder/reproducer with SMPTE interlock capability.

The TASCAM 300 series mixers consisted of the M-308 a (8 x 4 x 8), the M-312 a (12 x 4 x 8), and the M-320 a (20 x 4 x 8) mixer.

The TASCAM M-106 was the first rackmountable production audio mixing console (6 x 4 x 4) featuring six input channels with selectable mic, line or tape inputs, four channels with RIAA phono inputs and two aux sends.

1985 TASCAM introduced a historic new invention, the TASCAM 388 Studio. The 388 was the first 8 track (8x8), 1/4" reel-to-reel multitrack tape recorder and mixer combination ever. The unit used a 7" reel of 1/4" tape and had an auto stop feature so it functioned just like a standard cassette for the user. The 388 was also SMPTE capable and had 8 tracks of dbx noise reduction. Its list price was under $4,000. To the left is the Tascam 388 8 track tape recorder in the vintage reel tape recorder recording collection

The TASCAM ATR-60 Series. The ATR-60's were engineered for those who made their living with recorders. All six models shared a design philosophy stressing function over flash. efficiency paced by the right balance of features without excess. Refined and tempered by experience and materials to meet the harshest and most demanding environments with poise, speed, and tenacity, the ATR-60's were at home in any audio or video production facility.

ATR-60/2N Professional 1/4" 2 channel half-track recorder.
ATR-60/2T Professional 1/4" 2 channel half-track with center track time code.
ATR-602HS Professional 1/2" 2 channel half-track mastering recorder
ATR-60/4HS Professional 1/2" 4 channel mastering recorder
ATR-60/8 Professional 1/2" 8 channel 8-track production recorder
ATR-60/16 Professional 1" 16 channel 16-track production recorder

The TASCAM 200 series mixers. Sound reinforcement, studio recording, broadcast and video production is what the TASCAM 200 series was built for. They were available in three models.

M-208 (8x4x2)
M-216 (16x4x2)
M-224 (24x4x2)

Larry Zalar shared the following photos of the Tascam ATR-60 1" 16 track recorder

1986 TASCAM introduced its first cassette duplicator and slave units, the T-2620MS, T-26202S, T-2640MS and T-26402S.

TASCAM added new models to enhance the profession lineup of cassettes decks. The TASCAM 112 was a basic 2-head machine that fully maintained the professional quality performance, stability and reliability of the top-of-the-line 122MKII. The TASCAM 112R was the deck of choice for professional applications requiring extended playback and record capability. The 112R was an auto reverse cassette deck using the unique symmetrical bi-directional transport with super-acculign rotating head.

The TASCAM 246 replaced the 244. It allowed the recording of all four channels at once, and had six inputs instead of just four. It also allowed the option of running the cassette at double speed or at the normal speed of 1 7/8 IPS.

1987 TASCAM introduced the MS-16, its first 16-track multitrack recorder with SMPTE. With a price point of under $8,000, and the addition of SMPTE, this 15 IPS recorder strengthened TASCAM's position in the 1" 16 track audio market.

TASCAM introduced its first 2", 24-track recorder, the ATR-80/24. This multitrack was configured for +4 (in and out). The first A/B test of the ATR-80/24 was performed against the two most popular manufacturers of 2" recorders, MCI and Otari, at Lion's Share Recording Studios in Los Angeles. In performance specs and audio quality the ATR-80/24 equaled both the Otari and the MCI recorders in every respect.

The TASCAM M-600 Series mixing consoles were developed in response to popular demand for TASCAM quality in a larger console designed specifically for the professional recording environment. The result was a high-performance console that offered broad mixing control and versatility while at the same time being remarkably compact and easy to use. 24 and 32 input channel versions were available.

The 122MKII continued TASCAM's leadership in the professional cassette market. The new features included Dolby HX PRO, the ability to locate, a zero return function, and pitch control.

TASCAM introduced the CD-501, the best CD player available featuring ZD circuitry, dual D/A convertors, on-the-fly programming, and balanced XLR outputs at a suggested retail of $1,095.

TASCAM introduced the PORTA 05 self-contained 4 in/2 out production 4-track system, a truly compact, convenient creative companion.

TASCAM introduced the PORTA TWO, a battery-powered, self-contained 4-track recorder with 6-input mixer and effects buss.

Teac brought out the X-1000R reel to reel consumer tape recorder in 1987. The Museum of Magnetic Sound Recording has the unit pictured right.

1988 TASCAM introduced its first synchronizer, the ES 50, along with the ES 51 controller.

The TASCAM MSR-16 was a 16-track that recorded on 1/2" tape. The MSR-16 was a remarkable recording machine that made first-class performance and features available in a convenient format. The MSR-16 ran at both low (7.5 IPS) and high (15 IPS) speeds.

1989 TASCAM introduced its first 8-track, 8-channel cassette decks, the 238 Syncaset and the 238S Syncaset with Dolby S Noise Reduction. These models marked theintroduction of Dolby technology into TASCAM products.

TASCAM introduced its first DAT recorder, the DA-5O R-DAT. This recorder had a rotary head, as opposed to a stationary head (S DAT). The unit originated out of TEAC's special high end products division. It was re engineered for TASCAM's use in their professional audio division. The DA-5O paved the way for the highly successful line of TASCAM DAT recorders.

TASCAM introduced its first 4 track, 4 channel PORTASTUDIO with MIDI capabilities, the 644 MIDISTUDIO (list price $1,499). Music magazines in the industry hailed the unit in such a positive light that sales skyrocketed. Its success paved the way for the TASCAM 688 MIDISTUDIO (shipped later that same year), which boasted 8 tracks and 8 channels and a 20 input mixer, all for $3,299.

TASCAM introduced the M700, a 40x32 mixer. This was TASCAM's first mixer featuring built-in automation. The mixer had the familiarity of a traditional console and performed like more expensive consoles. It was dubbed the baby SSL. (A fader package was introduced at a later date.)

The TASCAM 102 was a cost effective 2-head stereo mixdown cassette deck. The 102 featured Dolby HX PRO, B, and C noise reduction.

The TASCAM 103 was a cost effective 3-head stereo mixdown cassette deck. The 103 also featured Dolby HX PRO, B, and C noise reduction.

The TASCAM 202WR was the first dual-well stereo cassette deck that offered the musician a cost-effective method of both dubbing copies and mixing down tracks.

The TASCAM 3030 represented a cost effective approach to broadcast two track audio production. The 3030 had a 4 head system --- 2 track, 2-channel erase, record reproduce and 4-track 2-channel reproduce. The 3030 also had mic inputs for simple direct voice-over spot production.

The TASCAM MTS-1000 was a sophisticated synchronization device allowing MIDI sequencers or other MIDI devices to be precisely synchronized to SMPTE-based recording equipment. It would also allow you to lock up two tape machines.

The TASCAM TSR-8 was an 8-track recorder using 1/2" tape on 10 1/2" reels with the ability to synchronize to other machines using the MTS1000 or the ES-50/ ES-51.

The TASCAM CD-401 was a rackmountable CD player with XLR balanced outputs and optional remote control.

The TASCAM CD-701 was a professional CD player with XLR outputs and first frame audio cue.

1990 TASCAM introduced its first 1" 24 track recorder, the MSR-24 for an unheard of price of $13,999.

TASCAM introduced the DA-30, a 2 track DAT master recorder for $1,899. With DAT rapidly becoming the mastering format of choice for the music industry, the DA-30 quickly became an industry standard.

TASCAM introduced its first DASH multitrack, the DA-800/24 with S/PDIF-2 digital I/O. This was a cooperative developmental effort between TEAC (TASCAM), SONY and PANASONIC in an effort to standardize SONY's existing 24 track DASH format.

TASCAM introduced the M-3700, a 24x8 recording console with a choice of either dynamic or snapshot VCA automation.

The TASCAM M-3500 was an 8-buss console with in-line monitoring. The M-3500 was available in two different frame sizes to accommodate 24 and 32 channel configurations, and three standard models were available.

1991 The DA-P20 was TASCAM's first portable DAT machine. The product sold out overnight and proved that that the portable DAT was an important new category.

The TASCAM CD-601 was a professional CD player with XLR outputs.

The TASCAM M2500 Series was an 8-buss recording console with in-line monitoring and MIDI mute automation. The M2500 series included the 24-input M-2524 and the 16-input M-2516.

The TASCAM M1000 Series were live performance stereo mixers. The M1000 series included the 16-input M1016 and the 24-input the M1024.

The TASCAM 1500 Series were 4-buss recording consoles with 8 directly assignable outputs. The M1500 series included an 8-input version, the M1508, and a 16-input version, the M1516.

The TASCAM 202MKII was a dual transport, twin record dubbing deck.

Teac/Tascam analogue reel tape recorders end here!

1992 Tascam released its last professional reel to reel tape recorder, the BR-20 and the BR-20T (with time code channel)

1993 TASCAM introduced the legendary DA-88 DTRS modular digital multitrack recorder. This still popular digital 8-track recorder was the first modular digital multitrack recorder to utilize the Hi-8 mm format. With the introduction of the SY-88 synchronizer card (time code reader/generator) a few months later the DA-88 became a standard in film/video post production, and eventually, in the music production market as well.

The TASCAM DA-60 was a 4-head DAT recorder able to lock to time code with the addition of an optional sync card.

The TASCAM PORTA-07 was a 4-input, 4-track cassette recorder.

The TASCAM 122MKIII was an upgrade of the highly successful model 122MKII. The 122MKIII incorporated a new and improved transport assembly.

1994 TASCAM introduced the DA-P1, which today remains a standard in professional portable DAT recorders.

The TASCAM MM100 and MM200 were keyboard mixers with 16 line inputs and stereo outputs plus four effects sends. The MM200 was the same as the MM100 except it had MIDI patching and built-in BBE processing.

The TASCAM M5000 was a sophisticated production mixer which was available with automation (M5000MFA). It was a 24-buss I/O console that was expandable to 40 inputs. It was sold complete with integral patch bays and stand.

The TASCAM M2600 Series were 8-buss recording consoles with in-line monitoring. The M2600 series included the 32 input M-2600/32, 24-input M-2600/24, and the 16-input M-2600/16.

1995 TASCAM introduced its first Mini Disc recorder/player, the MD-801R, along with the "play only" MD-801P.

The TASCAM CD201 was a rackmountable CD player with cue to music.

The TASCAM 302 was introduced and is still highly popular today. The 302 is a double auto-reverse bi-directional cassette deck containing two fully independent cassette decks housed in a 3U rackmountable enclosure. Each deck is capable of recording individually of simultaneously, and each deck contains its own discrete set of interface connectors, transport controls keys, noise reduction functions, and LED peak meters.

The TASCAM M-2600MKII Series was an upgrade of the M-2600 series, providing the additional ability to add a meter bridge and switchable -10dBv or +4 dBm signal levels for tape in and group outputs.

The TASCAM DA-20 was a very economical 3U rackmountable DAT recorder with wireless remote control.

The TASCAM M-1600 Series were 8-buss recording consoles with in line monitoring. The M1600 series included the 16 input M-1600/16 and the 24-input M-1600/24.

The TASCAM DA-60MKII was introduced and remains popular today. The DA-60MKII is an upgraded version of the DA-60 with an improved servo system that allows continuous time code recording in the assemble mode. It also has an improved signal to noise ratio, extended dynamic range and a built in chase lock synchronizer supporting Sony P2 protocol.

The TASCAM CD-305 was introduced and still remains popular today. It is a rack mountable CD changer that will hold five CD's.

The TASCAM M-08 was introduced. Still popular today, the M-08 is a compact utility mixer with 4 mono and 4 stereo inputs, XLR balanced mic inputs and 2 band EQ.

The hugely popular TASCAM DA-38 was introduced. Still a best-seller, the DA-38 is an 8 track DTRS digital audio recorder which does not feature the time code ability of the DA-88 and DA-98.

1997 TASCAM introduced the 564, the first Mini Disc multitrack DIGITAL PORTASTUDIO.

TASCAM introduced the DA-98, an 8 track DTRS recorder utilizing the same Hi-8 mm format as the DA-88. Now an industry standard, the DA-98 is a more sophisticated version of the DA-88, with the addition of confidence monitoring and built-in synchronization capability. The DA-98 has been specifically designed to meet the exacting requirements of the high end film/video post production market.

TASCAM introduced its first digital mixer, the 40x8 TM-D8000.

TASCAM introduced the still popular DA-302, the world's first dual DAT deck.

1998 TASCAM introduced the widely respected and still popular MMR-8, its first random-access, hard-disk digital multitrack recorder, and winner of the 1999 Post Magazine "Multitrack Recorder of the Year" award. The MMP-16 16-track "play only" version was introduced several months later.

TASCAM introduced the still hugely popular TM-D1000, the world's first digital mixer with a "street price" under $1,000. Featuring a wide variety of analog and digital I/O, built-in dynamics and effects processing, snapshot automation, and a host of other features, the TM-D1000 has been recognized for its versatility as evidenced by the wide variety of applications end-users have found for it. multi-track recording, multitrack mixdown, mixing live sound, MIDI system mixing, sound-for-video mixing, hardware control of computer-based recording, etc. $1,299 list.

TASCAM introduced the still popular DA-45HR, the world's first 24-bit R-DAT recorder, and winner of the PAR (Pro Audio Review magazine) Excellence, Studio Sound (magazine), and Key Buy (Keyboard magazine) awards for recording innovation. $2,165 list.

TASCAM introduced the CD-R400W and CD-R400M, its first computer CD burner bundles for both the Wintel and Macintosh platforms. $630 list.

TASCAM introduced the hugely popular CD-A500, an amazingly low cost CD player and auto-reverse cassette combination deck. $430 list.

1999 (January) TASCAM introduces the enormously popular CD-RW5000, its first stand-alone CD-R and CD-RW recorder. $1,299 list.

(January) TASCAM introduces the popular CD-D4000, its first personal CD duplicator. $1,299 list.

(July) TASCAM introduces the CD-R624W and CD-R624M, the world's first CD burner bundles that enable the end-user to create MP-3 files. $749 list.

(September) At AES, TASCAM introduces the MX-2424, the world's first 24-track, 24-bit HD recorder, priced at a mere $3999 list. Offering high-resolution recording, full editing capabilities, time-code generating and chasing and a flexible I/O structure, the MX-2424 set a new standard for the next millennium. (For detailed information on the MX-2424, go to the MX-2424 page.)

TASCAM introduces the DA-78HR, the world's first 24-bit MDM. Fully compatible with all other DTRS recorders, the DA-78HR allowed users to add 24-bit capability to their existing systems.

2000 Recognizing the fact that many musicians and studios were turning to software-based recording tools, TASCAM partnered with Frontier Design Group to apply their hardware expertise to this growing market. The result was the US-428, announced at the Winter NAMM show. The US-428 was crated with two purposes: first, as a high-quality audio and MIDI interface for computer audio. But the US-428 also offered the innovative capability of providing faders and knobs that gave real-time control over the software interface. For the first time, computer-oriented musicians and composers would not have to use a mouse to perform all needed adjustments to their mixes.

TASCAM enters a whole new product market with the CD-302, a dual CD player designed for DJs. It marks the start of a new subdivision of the company - TASCAM DJ - that will go on to include a variety of popular, innovative tools for this exciting form of music creation. The CD-302 was the very first CD player with a scratch emulation, so that DJs who were accustomed to the sound and performance capabilities of vinyl could use it without sacrificing this important aspect of DJing.

At the Summer NAMM show in Nashville, TASCAM introduced the 788, a hard disk version of their famous Portastudio products. The 788 Digital Portastudio featured an internal hard disk as its recording medium, with a slew of features that could not have been accomplished in the cassette Portastudio format (built-in effects, copy/paste digital editing and much more). Quickly becoming a wildly popular part of the TASCAM line, the 788 was TASCAM's first foray into the field of integrated digital recording tools.

2001 The DM-24, which TASCAM accurately billed as "the world's most powerful small format digital mixer ever made", was shown to the public at the NAMM show. The DM-24 was the first affordable digital mixer with 96kHz digital capabilities, and offered luxury console features like touch-sensitive motorized faders, LED ring encoders, built-in effects by TC Works and Antares, and an incredibly powerful internal automation system. Perfect for standalone hard disk systems like the DM-24 as well as mixing control of DAW applications, the DM-24 went on to become one of TASCAM's most popular mixing tools ever made.

At the NAB show in Las Vegas, TASCAM announced the DS-D98. Designed at the bequest of Sony and based on TASCAM's DTRS recorders, the DS-D98 is the world's first tape-based recorder designed for Direct Stream Digital encoding, the basis of Sony's Super Audio CD (SACD) playback format. This technology records audio signals at a high sampling frequency of 2.8224 MHz, and converts them to 1-bit data for unprecedented sonic quality without the decimation and interpolation stages associated with conventional PCM technology.

In May, at the AES show in Amsterdam, TASCAM displayed one of their most technologically advanced products ever‚ ¨¶the SX-1 Digital Production Environment. A recording and composing workstation unlike any created before it, the SX-1 combined digital mixing, hard disk recording, MIDI sequencing, CD burning, sophisticated audio/MIDI editing and a huge variety of interfaces. Designed for music composition, recording studios, surround sound production, broadcast production and more, the SX-1 represented a huge cooperative engineering project between TASCAM's teams in Palo Alto (CA), Iruma Japan and partners such as TimeLine Vista.

TASCAM also introduced the CD-RW4U, an affordable desktop-based CD recorder, the MD-350, a MiniDisc recorder with improved data compression technology, and the CD-A630, a combination cassette deck and triple-CD player, early in 2001.

Later that year, TASCAM shocked the world of DJ performance tools with the introduction of the X-9 Digital DJ Mixer. More than just a standard mixer, the X-9 represented a brand new type of tool - the DJ production solution, with built-in effects, samplers and advanced sonic manipulation features.

TASCAM Gets Giga!

A special sidebar in 2001 was TASCAM's acquisition of NemeSys Music Technologies of Austin, Texas. NemeSys had been the creator of GigaSampler and GigaStudio, a revolutionary software-based sampler for PCs. Already in use by thousands of professional composers and musicians, Giga was the first tools that allowed samples to be streamed off a computer's hard drive instead of being limited to RAM storage. This patented technology, which was the only one to operate at the kernel level of a PC's architecture, allowed for samples up to 4GB in size.

The original founders of Giga in Austin remained with the TASCAM organization to continue developing the Giga platform, and became TASCAM's Austin Research Center for engineering.

An interesting side note: TASCAM was preparing for the Summer NAMM show in Nashville while the final details of the acquisition of NemeSys were taking place. TASCAM had already scheduled a press conference to announce this important milestone to the world on July 20, 2001. Fortunately, the final negotiations were settled in the afternoon of July 19, less than 24 hours before the announcement. Talk about late-breaking news!

2001 also marked the debut of the CC-222, a product that was spearheaded by TEAC Corporation of America's president Jimmy Yamaguchi. The CC-222 was the first combination CD recorder and cassette deck that offered RIAA equalized phono inputs, allowing for easy burning of CDs from vinyl LPs.

The fall of 2001, a busy year in TASCAM product development, had the introduction of the MX-2424SE, a special model of the MX-2424 that featured a built-in removable disk drive in the front panel. Also, TASCAM premiered the CD-RW402, a dual-CD recorder/player duplicator meant for small record labels, bands and musicians.

2002 The Winter NAMM show of 2002 was one of the biggest shows in TASCAM's history. There in Anaheim, California, TASCAM unveiled nine new products, the most at any single show in the company's history.

The most eagerly received product was the introduction of the Pocketstudio 5. Drawing upon the qualities that made the original Portastudios so well accepted, the Pocketstudio 5 added a high-tech angle to the act of capturing creativity on the spot by using Compact Flash as it recording medium. It also offered several tools never before found on a small integrated recording system, including an internal MIDI synth module, a USB port and the ability to mix songs down in MP3 format.

The CD-D1x4, an affordable cascadable multi-CD duplicator, was shown at NAMM of 2002.

Five of the new products marked TASCAM's true commitment to the DJ product market. Their five new DJ mixers (XS-3, XS-4, XS-8, X-15 and X-17) were designed to expand the range of TASCAM DJs to accommodate everyone from bedroom scratch DJs to professional mobile DJs.

The US-224, a "little brother" for the US-428, was also premiered. The US-224 not only represented an incredibly affordable tool for computer interfacing and control, but since it was self-powered via USB, it was also the most portable control surface made.

In showing their continued commitment to the Giga product line, TASCAM introed GigaStudio 32, a low-cost solution for people wanting to get into the power of Giga.







The Future

No one in the world can truly predict with complete accuracy the direction of technological innovation in any industry. TASCAM remains full of inspired visionaries that truly care about the direction of the music and audio products industries, and our plans for the short- and long-term future are bright. TASCAM will expand its presence into areas that allow its current expertise in hardware design to shine, as well as brand new areas that are being developed by leveraging all of its new technologies in software and hardware-based digital audio.

In other words, if you're wondering who the next leader in the world of music and audio solutions will be, you don't have to look far. TASCAM has been on top for nearly 30 years‚ ¨and that's where we'll remain.


TASCAM - consumer to professional audio products, mostly recording

ESOTERIC - High-end consumer audio products

TEAC Consumer Electronics - Mass market audio products

Data Storage and Disk Publishing Products - Floppy drives,
DVD and CD recorders and drives, MP3 players & NAS storage

Esoteric Division • TEAC America, Inc. 7733 Telegraph Road, Montebello, CA 90640

Teac/Tascam models list rom our ads and catalog collection

1960 - Teac 505
1961 - Concertone 505
1966 - A-610, A-5050, A-4010S, A-3010, A-1200, A-4020, A-2020, A-1600, A-1500,R-310
1967 - R-1000, R-1100, A-4010, A-4020, A-2020

1968 - A-4010S, AS-200, A-6010, A-1200

1969 - R-310, A-1200U, A-6010, A-4010S, A-4010 SRA Quad
1970 - A-100, A-1200, A-1500, A-1500U, A-6010, A6010U, A-7030, TCA-40, TCA-41, TCA-4 2
1971 - A-1200U, A-1500, A-6010U, A-7010U, A-7030U, A-3300, 4010SL, 6010SL, 7010SL, 7030SL, 3300-10, 3300-11, 3300-12, 1230, 1250, 4070, A-1200, TCA-40, TCA-41, TCA-42, An-180, AN-80, An-50
1972 - 2340, 3340, TCA-43 (1st Simul-Sync), A-4010GSL, 6010SL, AX-300, AN-300, A-6100, An-180, AN-80, Tascam Series 70, Tascam Model 10 mixer
1973 - 1230, 1250, 4010GSL, 6010GSL, 7010GSL, 7030GSL, 4070GSL, 3300-10, 3300-11, 3300-12, 2340, 3340S, TCA-43, AX-300, AN-300, Tascam Series 70, Tascam Model 10 mixer
1974 - TASCAM acquired by Teac, Tascam Series 70, Tascam Model 10 mixer, Model 5 mixer, Teac 2340, 3340S
1975 - A-2300 SX, A-2300SD, A-3300SX, A-3300SX 2T, A4100, A-4300SX, A-6300, A-7300, A-7300 2T, A-3340S, A-2340SX, Model 2 mixer with MB20 meter bridge, AX-20 mix down box
1976 - Tascam 80-8 (used for Star Wars R2D2 sound), Model 1, Model 10B, Teac A-7300RX, A-3300 2T,A-2340, A-3340, Model 3 mixer, Model 5 mixer, Series 80, 40-4
1977 - Tascam DX-8, Model 25-2, Tascam 80-8 (Star Wars released), 25-2, A-2300SX, A-2300SR, A-2300SD, A-3300SX, A-3300SR A-3300SX 2T, A-4300SX, A-6300, A-6600, A-7300, A-7300 2T,A-3340S, A-2340SX, Model 2 mixer with MB20 meter bridge, Model 5 & Model 5EX, Studio 4000, 40-4, Model 3 mixer
1978 - Model 2 mixer, model 15 mixer, Tascam 80-8 (used for Star Wars R2D2 sound ads), Model 5A mixer, 25-2, Studio 8000, A-2300SD, A-3300SX 2T, A-4300SX, A-3300S, A-2300S, A-3340S, A-2340S, A-7300, A-6300, A-6100
1979 - Tascam 90-16, Teac 3440, Model 144 Portatudio, 80-8, 40-4, 35-2, 5B & 5BX, Model1,
1980 - Tasccam 85-16, A-3440, A-3300SX 2T, A-2340SX, Model 2, MB20, A-6100MKII, GE-20 eq, 80-8, X-3, X-10R, ATR-700 built for Ampex,
1981 - Tascam 80-16, System 20, Model 15SL mixer, 80-8, 40-4, Model 1 mixer, System 20, 22-2, 22-4, ATR-700 built for Ampex
1982 - Tascam Model 15 SL, 80-8, Model 16 mixer, 85-16B, M-30, M-35 mixer, 32, 34, 38, 22-2, 22-4, Teac X-10, X-10R, X-20R, System 20, A-3440, X-1000R, ATR-700 and ATR-800 built for Ampex
1983 - Tascam 38, Tascam 58, , ATR-700 and ATR-800 built for Ampex, 22-2, 22-4, Series 50 52, 58, 80-16B, System 20, M50 mixer, M-15B mixer, M-16 mixer, Series 30 - M-30, M-35, 34, 38
1984 - Teac X-300, X-300R, X-700R, X-2000, X-2000R BL
1985 - Tascam 388, MS-16, Teac X-300, X-300R, X-700R, X-2000, X-2000R
1986 - Tascam 388, 32, 34B, 38, Series 40, 42B, 44, Teac X-300, X-300R, X-700R, X-2000, X-2000R
1987 - Tascam 388, MS-16, ATR-60, ATR-80/24, Teac X-300, X-300R, X-700R, X-2000, X-2000R
1988 - Tascam Digital 24 track, 22-2, 32, 42B, M-600 mixer, ATR-60, ATR-60T, ATR-60-8, ATR-60-2N, ATR-60-2HS, ATR-60-16, Teac X-2000M(RO), X-2000(RO), X-2000R, X-300, X-300R
1989 - Tascam MSR/24, MSR-16
1990 - Tascam MSR/24, MSR-16
1991 - Tascam M3000 mixer, MSR/24, MSR-16
1992 - Tascam BR-20, BR-20T

Teac Tascam Part 2 of 3 • Go to Part 1 • Go to Part 3 • Go to Part 4 • Downloads of Teac/Tascam 38 minute video available at this link

We offer seven hours of 50 video segments via download about our collection and the history of magnetic recording available at this link.

ORDER THE VIDEO FILES ON LINE - was 14.95 NOW only $9.95

There are 50 QuickTime H264 854 X 480 files in this download. Play on MAC OS or Windows Media Player

We provide 48 hours during which to download the files. After that the file access will expire. Once the files are downloaded they are yours to keep.

ARA Yamana (A-6)

El ARA Yamana (A-6) fue un buque patrullero, originalmente denominado como USS Maricopa (ATA-146) por la Armada de Estados Unidos, que fue incorporado por la Armada Argentina en 1947.

El buque era un remolcador de la clase Sotoyomo. Fue construido por la Levingstone Shipbuilding Company en Orange, Texas, y fue incorporado por la Armada de Estados Unidos el 20 de enero de 1943. [ 1 ] ​ [ 2 ] ​

Su desplazamiento era de 689 toneladas con carga estándar pudiendo desplazar hasta 800 t a plena carga. [ 1 ] ​ Tenía una eslora de 43,6 metros, una manga de 10,4 m y un calado de 3,7 m. [ 1 ] ​ Estaba impulsado por dos motores diésel-eléctricos GM 12-278A. [ 3 ] ​

Estados Unidos transfirió el Maricopa a Argentina por el Security Assistance Program. [ 3 ] ​ La Armada Argentina lo bautizó como ARA Yamana (A-6). [ 3 ] ​ El remolcador recaló en el país sudamericano el 29 de julio de 1948. [ 2 ] ​ Desde su incorporación, estuvo destinado para tareas de salvamento en las bases navales Puerto Belgrano, Río Santiago, Mar del Plata y Ushuaia hasta 1966, cuando su rol cambió por patrullero. [ 1 ] ​ [ 2 ] ​

En 1985 la Armada Argentina lo retiró del servicio y dispuso su utilización como barco objetivo. [ 2 ] ​

What is the Arizona Electronic Payment Card?

The new Arizona Electronic Payment Card (EPC) is safer and more convenient than paper checks. With the Arizona Electronic Payment Card, you can access your cash 24 hours a day, 7 days a week through Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) and retail Point-of-Sale terminals throughout Arizona and across the country. You can use the EPC to withdraw cash in local currency at all Bank of America ATMs in Arizona and across the country without a fee. Note: You must obtain authorization to receive an Electronic Payment Card. You can enroll by completing the DCSS Electronic Payment Authorization form. The form can be mailed to the DCSS address listed on the form or to your local Clerk of Court Office. You may also use this form to make changes to your bank account information, stop a current direct deposit, or to stop an EPC.

Important: Before using your EPC, you must call 1 (855) 847-2030 to activate your card by selecting your access code and your Personal Identification Number (PIN).

ATM Owners may impose an additional "convenience fee" or "surcharge fee for certain ATM transactions (a sign should be posted at the ATM to indicate additional fees) However, you will not be charged any additional convenience fee or surcharge fee at the Bank of America ATM or Allpoint ATM. A Bank of America ATM or Allpoint ATM means an ATM that prominently displays the Bank of America or Allpoint name or logo.

Use the Card at Retail Locations: You can use the EPC anywhere that accepts Visa debit cards, including grocery stores, gas stations, restaurants, and more.

Customer Service: For customer service call 1 (855) 847-2030, TTY: 1 (866) 656-5913 or 1-423-262-1650 (Collect, when calling outside the U.S.),by mail at Bank of America, P.O. Box8488, Gray, TN 37615-8488 or visit the website.

For general information about prepaid accounts, visit the following website.

If you have a complaint about a prepaid account, call the Customer Financial Protection Bureau at 1 (855) 411-2372 or visit the following website.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,224 square miles (23,890 km 2 ), of which 9,200 square miles (24,000 km 2 ) is land and 24 square miles (62 km 2 ) (0.3%) is water. [5] Maricopa County is one of the largest counties in the United States by area, with a land area greater than that of four other US states. From west to east, it stretches 132 miles (212 km) and 103 miles (166 km) from north to south. [6] It is by far Arizona's most populous county, encompassing well over half of the state's residents. It is the largest county in the United States to have a capital city.

Adjacent counties Edit

National protected areas Edit

Historical population
Census Pop.
189010,986 93.1%
190020,457 86.2%
191034,488 68.6%
192089,576 159.7%
1930150,970 68.5%
1940186,193 23.3%
1950331,770 78.2%
1960663,510 100.0%
1970971,228 46.4%
19801,509,175 55.4%
19902,122,101 40.6%
20003,072,149 44.8%
20103,817,117 24.2%
2019 (est.)4,485,414 [9] 17.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790–1960 [11] 1900–1990 [12]
1990–2000 [13] 2010–2018 [14]

2000 census Edit

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,072,149 people, 1,132,886 households, and 763,565 families living in the county. The population density was 334 people per square mile (129/km 2 ). There were 1,250,231 housing units at an average density of 136/sq mi (52/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the county was 77.4% White, 3.7% African American, 1.9% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.9% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. 29.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.1% reported speaking Spanish at home. [15]

There were 1,132,886 households, out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.21.

The population was spread out, with 27.0% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 19.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,358, and the median income for a family was $51,827. Males had a median income of $36,858 versus $28,703 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,251. About 8.0% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census Edit

As of the 2010 census, there were 3,817,117 people, 1,411,583 households, and 932,814 families living in the county. [16] The population density was 414.9 inhabitants per square mile (160.2/km 2 ). There were 1,639,279 housing units at an average density of 178.2 per square mile (68.8/km 2 ). [17] The racial makeup of the county was 73.0% white (58.7% non-Hispanic white), 5.0% black or African American, 3.5% Asian, 2.1% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 12.8% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 29.6% of the population. [16] The largest ancestry groups were: [18]

  • 25.6% Mexican
  • 16.2% German
  • 10.6% Irish
  • 9.7% English
  • 5.2% American
  • 5.1% Italian
  • 2.8% Polish
  • 2.8% French
  • 2.0% Scottish
  • 1.9% Norwegian
  • 1.8% Swedish
  • 1.6% Dutch
  • 1.5% Scotch-Irish
  • 1.0% Russian

Of the 1,411,583 households, 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families, and 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.25. The median age was 34.6 years. [16]

The median income for a household in the county was $55,054 and the median income for a family was $65,438. Males had a median income of $45,799 versus $37,601 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,816. About 10.0% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over. [19]

According to data provided by the United States Census Bureau in October 2015 and collected from 2009 to 2013, 73.72% of the population aged five years and over spoke only English at home, while 20.32% spoke Spanish, 0.56% spoke Chinese, 0.47% Vietnamese, 0.41% Tagalog, 0.37% Arabic, 0.36% German, 0.30% French, 0.25% Navajo, 0.21% Korean, 0.20% Hindi, 0.15% Italian, 0.14% Persian, 0.13% Russian, 0.13% Serbo-Croatian, 0.12% Telugu, 0.12% Polish, 0.11% Syriac, 0.11% Japanese, 0.11% spoke Romanian, and 0.10% spoke other Native North American languages at home. [20]

Religion Edit

In 2010 statistics, the largest religious group in Maricopa County was the Diocese of Phoenix, with 519,950 Catholics worshipping at 99 parishes, followed by 242,732 LDS Mormons with 503 congregations, 213,640 non-denominational adherents with 309 congregations, 93,252 AG Pentecostals with 120 congregations, 73,207 SBC Baptists with 149 congregations, 35,804 Christian churches and churches of Christ Christians with 29 congregations, 30,014 ELCA Lutherans with 47 congregations, 28,634 UMC Methodists with 55 congregations, 18,408 LCMS Lutherans with 34 congregations, and 15,001 PC-USA Presbyterians with 42 congregations. Altogether, 39.1% of the population was claimed as members by religious congregations, although members of historically African-American denominations were underrepresented due to incomplete information. [21] In 2014, the county had 1,177 religious organizations, the fifth most out of all US counties. [22]

Government Edit

The governing body of Maricopa County is its Board of Supervisors. The Maricopa County Board of Supervisors consists of five members chosen by popular vote within their own districts. Currently, the Board consists of four Republicans and one Democrat. Each member serves a four-year term, with no term limits.

Maricopa County sheriff Edit

The Maricopa County Sheriff's Office provides court protection, administers the county jail, and patrols the unincorporated areas of the county plus incorporated towns by contract.

Politics Edit

Prior to 1960, Maricopa County voted for the winner in every election. However, for much of the time after World War II, Maricopa County was one of the more conservative urban counties in the United States. While the city of Phoenix has leaned Tossup in recent years, most of the rest of the county was strongly Republican. Until 2020, every Republican presidential candidate since 1952 had carried Maricopa County. This includes the 1964 presidential run of native son Barry Goldwater, who would not have carried his own state had it not been for a 21,000-vote margin in Maricopa County. Until 2020, it was the largest county in the country to vote Republican. Since 1964, Democrats have held the margin within single digits only four times–in 1992, 1996, 2016, and 2020. In 2020, Joe Biden became the first Democrat in 72 years to win the county, which flipped Arizona to the Democratic column for the first time since 1996 and only the second time since 1948. [23] Furthermore, Biden became the first presidential candidate to win more than one million votes in the county. This makes Maricopa County the third county in American history to cast more than one million votes for a presidential candidate. The county is also a statewide bellwether, voting for the statewide winning candidate in all elections except 1996.

Despite its consistent Republican allegiance since 1952, its fast-growing Hispanic population and influx of conservative retirees and Mormons, which were traditionally conservative voting blocs but were increasingly skeptical of President Donald Trump, signaled that it was a crucial bellwether in the 2020 election. [24]

Voter Registration as of April 2021 [update] [25]
Party Number of voters Percentage
Republican 906,970 34.81%
Other/Independents 859,904 33%
Democratic 814,013 31.24%
Libertarian Party 24,692 0.95%
Total 2,605,579 100%

United States presidential election results for Maricopa County, Arizona [26]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No. % No. % No. %
2020 995,665 47.96% 1,040,774 50.13% 39,647 1.91%
2016 747,361 47.67% 702,907 44.83% 117,566 7.50%
2012 749,885 54.30% 602,288 43.61% 28,786 2.08%
2008 746,448 54.43% 602,166 43.91% 22,756 1.66%
2004 679,455 56.86% 504,849 42.25% 10,657 0.89%
2000 479,967 53.23% 386,683 42.88% 35,049 3.89%
1996 386,015 47.22% 363,991 44.53% 67,426 8.25%
1992 360,049 41.06% 285,457 32.56% 231,326 26.38%
1988 442,337 64.90% 230,952 33.89% 8,229 1.21%
1984 411,902 71.98% 154,833 27.06% 5,538 0.97%
1980 316,287 64.97% 119,752 24.60% 50,795 10.43%
1976 258,262 61.66% 144,613 34.53% 15,966 3.81%
1972 244,593 69.29% 95,135 26.95% 13,272 3.76%
1968 162,262 59.08% 86,204 31.39% 26,185 9.53%
1964 143,114 53.94% 122,042 46.00% 170 0.06%
1960 127,090 59.37% 86,834 40.57% 135 0.06%
1956 92,140 62.96% 54,010 36.91% 191 0.13%
1952 77,249 60.57% 50,285 39.43% 0 0.00%
1948 36,585 46.31% 40,498 51.27% 1,909 2.42%
1944 24,853 43.41% 32,197 56.23% 208 0.36%
1940 22,610 38.93% 35,055 60.36% 414 0.71%
1936 13,671 28.71% 32,031 67.28% 1,908 4.01%
1932 15,086 34.07% 28,601 64.59% 593 1.34%
1928 20,089 62.25% 12,146 37.64% 34 0.11%
1924 10,611 44.66% 9,177 38.63% 3,970 16.71%
1920 11,336 56.23% 8,825 43.77% 0 0.00%
1916 5,747 39.26% 7,634 52.14% 1,259 8.60%
1912 642 11.32% 2,606 45.97% 2,421 42.71%

Despite its political leanings at the time, Maricopa County voted against Proposition 107 in the 2006 election. This referendum, designed to ban gay marriage and restrict domestic partner benefits, was rejected by a 51.6–48.4% margin within the county, and statewide by a similar margin. Two years later, however, a majority of county residents voted to pass a successful state constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. The amendment was later invalidated by the Supreme Court's 2015 ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges, which declared that same-sex marriage is a fundamental right in the United States.

Unlike cities and towns in Arizona, counties are politically and legally subordinate to the state and do not have charters of their own. The county Board of Supervisors acts under powers delegated by state law, mainly related to minor ordinances and revenue collection. With few exceptions, these powers are narrowly construed. The state legislature devotes considerable time to local matters, with legislative approval required for many routine local issues. The chairperson of the board presides for a one-year term, selected by the board members during a public hearing.

The County Sheriff, County Attorney, County Assessor, County Treasurer, Superintendent of Schools, County Recorder, Constables, Justices of the Peace, and Clerk of the Superior Court are elected by the people. Retention of Superior Court Judges is also determined by popular vote.

The county's dominant political figure for over two decades (from 1993 to 2017) was Sheriff Joe Arpaio, who called himself "America's Toughest Sheriff" and gained national notoriety for his flamboyant and often controversial practices and policies. [27]

Maricopa County is home to 62 percent of the state's population, thus dominating Arizona's politics. For example, in the 2018 Senate election, Democrat Kyrsten Sinema carried the county en route to becoming the first Democrat to win a Senate seat in Arizona since 1988. [28] She won the county by over 60,000 votes, more than enough for the victory she won statewide by 55,900 votes. [29] All but one of the state's nine congressional districts include part of the county, and five of the districts have their population center located there. Most of the state's prominent elected officials live in the county. Further underlining Maricopa County's political dominance, Biden's margin of 45,109 votes was more than enough to carry the state he only won Arizona by 10,457 votes.


Denny & Co. - Dumbarton, 1600 t (774 grt), 76.3×9.2×3.7 m, machine worn out, 4x 75mm. Was to be commissioned as Waccamaw built under cover name Tientsin.

Chacabuco /1864/1865 01.1884 ex corvette General Brown, 01.1868 ex- Amazonas, 1865 ex Adventure § 1893, hulk, 1895 coal hulk, # 1905-10

1 "Presidente Sarmiento" class sail frigate

Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd. - Birkenhead, 2733/2850 t, 85.5×13.3×5.5 m, 13 kt, 4x 120mm, 2x 76mm, 2x 57mm, 2x 37mm, 2x 7.62mm MG, 3x 512mm TT, 31+275 p. (+ 40 cadets).

Presidente Sarmiento 07.1896/08.1897/07.1898 § 12.1961, 05.1964 museum ship in Buenos Aires

Vickers/Armstrong Ltd. - Barrow, 6500/8630 t, 164.9×17.2×5 m, 30 kt, 3xIII 152mm, 4x 102mm (1950 changed to 4xII & 1xIV 40mm), 8x 40mm, 2xIII 533mm TT, 556 p. (+60 cadets). Specifically designed as training cruiser. Pennant number assigned in 1953.

C.3 La Argentina 01.1936/03.1937/01.1939 1951-1961 cruiser in line, ® 1970, § 02.1974, #

Halifax Shipyards, 3100/5000 t (3828 grt/2820 dwt), 102×14.3×5.7 m, 15 kt, 2x 104mm, 2x 40mm, 2x 20mm, 4x 47mm SG, 100 p.

B.8 Bahía Thetis 1948/05.1949/08.1950 § 02.1974, #

W. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co. - Newcastle, 843/970 t, 63×10.1×3.4 m, 12.5 kt, 1x 76mm, 63 p.

Q.6 Madryn 1927/10.1927/02.1928 1961 ex survey ship Comodoro Rivadavia, 1937 ex San Juan § 1967

1 "Libertad" class sail frigate

Astilleros y Fabricas Navales del Estado SA - Río Santiago, 3025/3765 t, 91.7×13.8×6.7/11 m, 13.5 kt, 4x 47mm SG, 200 p. (+150 cadets).

Q.2 Libertad 12.1953/06.1956/11.1961

Astillero Mihanovich - Carmelo, 1100 t (477 grt), 51.6×7.5×1 m, 740 hp.

Q.61 Capitán Brizuela 1933 01.1970 ex- n/u, 1957 ex Iris § 1981, 1986 abandoned

Unión Naval de Levante SA - Valencia, 2676 t (3956 grt/720 dwt), 105.5×17.4×8.2 m, 14 kt.

Q.31 Piloto Alsina /03.1962/1963 03.1981 ex- ferry Ciudad de Formosa § 1994, moved to civilian Escuela Naciónal de Nautica "Manuel Belgrano" school

Comper & Nicholson YB Co. - London, 55 t, 21.3×4.3×1.8 m, 10 kt, 4 p.

Adhara 1910 1917 ex-, 03.1912 ex-private § 1968

Astillero J. Baader - Tígre, 28 t, 23.2×4.8×1.2 m, 150 hp, 6 p.

Q.73 Itatí 1942 c1946 ex LPI-1 Payuca II, 1944 ex-private n/u § 1970s

1 "West Solent" international class

EY.1 Cantere, 1948 Pollux 1943

Legh II bf.1940 $ 1947 § 1971/72, conserved in museum

Arsenal Naval de Buenos Aires, 2.5 t, 9×1.7×1 m. Names changed in 1949.

EY.13 Yaney Rigel 1948 § af.1975

EY.14 Vigilante Achernar 1948 § 1961

EY.15 Pepa Sirius 1948 § 1968

EY.16 Canopus Republicano 1948 § af.1975

4 "Grumete" international class

EY.17 Aldebaran Arsenal Naval de B. Aires 1948

EY.18 Bellatrix Arsenal Naval de B. Aires 1948

EY.19 Altair Base Naval de Pto Belgrano 1948 † 08.1960

EY.20 Castor Base Naval de Pto Belgrano 1948

Arsenal Naval de Buenos Aires, 12 t, 5×2×1.7 m. All built in 1948 and § 1970/90s:

Maldonado, 11 de Junio, 9 de Febrero, General Rondeau, 30 de Julio, Nueva 25 de Mayo, 18 de Enero, 9 de Julio

3 "Dragon" international class

Betelgeuse, Arcturus and Antares (all built 1948)

EY.46 La Argentina 1938 03.1948 ex- Djinn § 1958/59

Arsenal Naval de Buenos Aires, 32 t, 19.5×2.7×4.3 m, 12-14 p.

Q.25 A.222 Q.74 Fortuna 1949

Arsenal Naval de Buenos Aires, 25 t, 9×3×1.5 m.

Altair (1949, 1949 ex Hércules)

Taller de Marina de Dársena Norte - B. Aires, 12 t, 10.2×2.3×1.7 m.

Taller de Marina de Dársena Norte - B. Aires, 19.5×3×. m.

EY.58 Juana 1949/09.1952/1952 § 12.1959

Astillero "Ortholan" - Tígre, 10 t, 15×4.8×1.2 m, 220 hp, 4-6 p.

Gorila 1950 $ 09.1955, 1960 moved to CG, sanitary boat P-60

7 "Bermuda" international class sloop

Astillero de Franzatti Hnos. - Tígre, 6 t, 5×1.9×1 m.

Consecuencia, Agreable, Nancy, Enigma, Pepa, Eloisa, Juliet (all built 1971)

Talleres Navales Dársena Norte SA - Buenos Aires, 17 t, 16.6×2.7×4.3 m, 14 p.

Q.26 Q.75 A.1222 Fortuna II 1976

Astillero Cadenazzi - Tígre, 80 t, 15 kt.

Arsenal Naval de Buenos Aires, 80 t, 15 kt.

1 Presidential Yacht (Yate presidencial)

195 t, 38×6.8×1.6 m, 2+5 p. Can be used as hospital ship. Based on Río Lujan.

Q.72 Tecuara 1928 or 1936 $ 1936

1 Oceanographic Ships (Buque oceanográfico)

Collingwood Shipyards Ltd. - Montreal, 995/1265 t, 62.6×10.1×3 m, 2750 ihp, 16 kt, 54-61 p.

Q.8 Capitán Cánepa 04.1940/11.1940/05.1941 01.1955 ex- Gasestado, 1947 ex- corvette K138 Barrie [§ 04.1945] § 1973

Burmeister & Wain Skibsværft - København, 571 t, 43.3×5.8×6.1 t, 400 bhp, 9 kt, 18-25 p. Pennant changed in 1970s.

Q.7 Q.47 El Austral 1931 04.1966 ex- Atlantis 1, ex- Atlantis § 1980s

Avondale Marine Ways Inc., 1850/3886 t, 81.1×15.6×5.5 m, 13 kt, 24 p. Oceanographic research vessel, also could be used as icebreaker or transport ship.

Islas Orcadas 06.1956/01.1957/09.1957 1974 ex- T-AGOR-8 Eltanin § 1979

Astilleros "Astarsa" SA - San Fernando, 2133/2400 t, 76.8×15.8×6.5 m, 15 kt, 12+49 p. (+20 scientists).

Q.8 Q.20 Puerto Deseado 03.1976/12.1977/02.1979

2 Oceanographic Boats (Lancha oceanográfica)

Tígre, 20 t, 6.2×2.3×1.5 m, 90 hp, 1-4 p. Attached to "Almirante Brown" base in Antarctic.

Keninek and Kolenten (both 1965)

Both are civilian vessels owned by governmental Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero in Mar del Plata. Sometimes used for naval purposes.

1 "Doctor Eduardo L. Holmberg" class

Hitachi Zosen - Maizuru, 1162 grt/516 dwt, 62×11×4.3 m, 16 kt, 24 p. (+13 scientists).

Dr. Eduardo L. Holmberg /07.1980

1 "Capitán Oca Balda" class

Martin Jansen GmbH & Co. KG - Leer, 1067 grt/598 dwt, 65×10.4×4.2 m, 14 kt, 27 p. (+9 scientists).

Capitán Oca Balda 05.1982/02.1983/06.1983

2 Survey Vessels (Buque hidrográfo)

Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd. - Birkenhead, 515 t, 46.4×7.6×3.5 m, 11 kt, 4x 76mm, 1923: disarmed,

Uruguay 1873/03.1874/05.1874 12.1903 ex corvette § 11.1927, 1928-53 powder hulk, 06.1967 museum ship

Cantieri Navali Triestini - Monfalcone, 1450 t, 64.9×10×3.9 m, 14 kt.

Patagonia /1885/02.1887 1909 ex corvette 1918 transport, § 11.1927, 1930 hulked in Ushuaia, # 1943/44

360 t, 40.1×6.4×2.5 m, 10 kt, 40 p.

Ingeniero Iríbas 1891 1917 ex- Krause, ex M.O.P. 118-B § 1921, hulk F-118, # 1939

W. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co. - Newcastle, 843/970 t, 63×10.1×3.4 m, 12.5 kt, 1x 76mm, 63 p.

Q.6 San Juan, 1937 Comodoro Rivadavia 1927/10.1927/02.1928 1961 training ship Madryn, § 06.1967

Q.7 San Luís, 1937 Bahía Blanca 1927/09.1927/02.1928 § 03.1963

Levingston Shipbuilding co. - Orange, 689/835 t, 43.6×10.2×4 m, 12-13 kt, 49 p.

Q.15 Chiriguano /08.1943/ 1980s ex aviso, 1965 ex tug, 08.1947 ex- ATA-127, 05.1944 ex ATR-49 § 1996

Base Naval de Río Santiago, 1275/1500 t, 64.3×9.6×3.5 m, 1200 bhp, 13 kt, 65 p.

Q.10 Ushuaia 08.1938/02.1940/12.1940 1953 ex transport c† 28.10.1973 canal Pta. Indio

1 ex-frigate, "Tacoma" class (S2-S2-AQ1)

Walsh-Kaiser Co. - Providence, 1430/2415 t, 92.6×11.4×4.2 m, 20 kt, 2x 105mm, 8x 40mm, 175 p.

Q.9 Comodoro Lasserre 1943/09.1943/01.1944 1963 ex frigate P.34 Santisima Trinidad, 07.1947 ex- PF-77 Hannam [§ 06.1946], 12.1945 ex- K505 Caicos, 12.1943 ex- Hannam § 02.1969, # 1970

Astilleros y Fabricas Navales del Estado SA - Río Santiago, 82/102 t, 25.3×5×1.8 m, 11 kt, 3+16 p.

Q.15 Cormorán 1963/08.1963/02.1964

1 "Comodoro Rivadavia" class

Astilleros Mestrina SA - Tígre, 655/827 t, 52.2×8.8×2.6 m, 12 kt, 8+26 p.

Q.11 Comodoro Rivadavia 07.1971/11.1973/12.1974

Pendleton SY Co. - New Orleans, 1865 t (1117 grt/625 dwt), 58.3×11.3×5.5 m, 15 kt, 60 p. Also oceanic tug.

Q.17 Goyena /12.1942/07.1943 02.1976 ex aviso, 1965 ex- Dry Tortugas § 1982

2 Small Survey Vessels (Lancha hidrográfica)

Astillero Cadenazzi - Buenos Aires, 1 t, 6×2.3×0.3 m, 100 hp, 2-3 p.

ES-201 to ES-205 (1963, §? af.1985)

Astillero Cadenazzi - Tígre, 52/54 t, 19.7×4.5×1.7 m, 12 kt, 8 p.

1 Fishery Inspection Vessel (Buque instrucción pesquera)

Nishi Nippon Zosen Tekko KK - Shimonoseki, 22 t, 19 m.

3 Buoy Tenders (Balizador, 1998 Buque multiproposito)

L. Smit & Zoon - Kinderdijk, 783/1020 t, 65×9.5×3.3 m, 2x 76mm (occasionally), 9.5 kt, 50 p.

Q.11 Alférez Mackinlay 1912/03.1914/11.1914 1918-22 survey ship, 1945 salvage vessel, § 03.1964, # 1965/66

US Coast Guard Yard - Maryland, 525 t, 49.1×10.1×1.8 m, 12 kt, 2x 12.7mm MG, 6+25 p.

Q.61 Ciudad de Zárate /12.1970 07.1999 ex- WLM-688 Red Cedar

Q.62 Ciudad de Rosario /08.1964 07.1999 ex- WLM-685 Red Wood

Q.63 Punta Alta /06.1965 06.1998 ex- WLM-687 Red Birch

Repair Ships (Buque taller)

Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co., 2160/3776 t, 116.4×15.2×5 m, 10.5 kt, 2x 40mm, 120 p. Renamed in 03.1948.

Q.21 Ing. Maquinista Iríbas,

03.1948 Ingeniero Iríbas 03.1943/05.1943/07.1943 08.1947 ex- LST-81, 05.1946 ex- LSE-1, 07.1943 ex- ARL-5 § 08.1964, # af.1968

Q.22 Ing. Maquinista Hodesch,

03.1948 Ingeniero Gadda 03.1943/05.1943/07.1943 08.1947 ex- LST-82, 05.1946 ex- LSE-2 § 10.1960, 1968 Tierra del Fuego, § 1970s

1 Supply Ship (Buque logístico or Aprovisionador)

Chantiers Navals de Brest, 7600/17800 t, 157.3×21.2×10.8 m, 19 kt, 1xII 40mm, 10+154 p.

B.1 Patagonia 12.1973/09.1975/04.1977 07.2000 ex- A629 Durance

Greenock & Co. - Grangemouth, 1510/4180 t (2670 grt), 80.8×12.2×5.7 m, 10.5 kt, 45 p.

Ministro Ezcurra /04.1914/06.1914 § 03.1950, n/u, c† 23.03.1966 off Buenos Aires, #

1 "Aristóbulo del Valle" class

Great Lakes Eng. Works - Michigan, 1655/5802 t (4147 grt), 79.5×13.3×6.5 m, 9 kt, 54 p.

Aristóbulo del Valle /05.1917/06.1917 § 08.1921, n/u, § 1963

Fore River SB Corp. - Quincy, 7923 t (3327 grt/5526 dwt), 104.7×8.2×6.7 m, 40-50 p.

Ingeniero Luis A. Huergo /03.1917/06.1917 § 10.1921, n/u, # 1960 or 1968

Hawthorn, Leslie & Yoldt - Newcastle, 10000 t (6123 grt), 80×12×3 m, 9 kt, 20-25 p.

12 de Octubre 1920/04.1921/05.1921 § 10.1921, n/u, § 1953, # 03.1955

Fairfield SB & Eng. Co. - Govan, 5700 t (3934 grt), 110.9×14.3×8.6 m, 12 kt.

Santa Cruz /06.1921/12.1921 § 03.1948, # 09.1948

Base Naval de Puerto Belgrano, 1600/1900 t (800 dwt), 64×10.4×3.8 m, 1850 bhp, 8.5 kt, 40 p.

B.12 Punta Alta 1937/11.1937/1938 § c1988

2055 t (1445 grt/2253 dwt), 67.4×11.3×3.5 m, 10 kt, 37 p.

B.13 Punta Cigüeña Todd Galveston DD Inc. /08.1943/04.1944 02.1947 ex- Sulphur Bluff § 06.1961, 1962 Doña Isabel, § 1984

B.14 B.20 Punta Rasa Barnes-Duluth SB Co. /07.1942/07.1943 02.1947 ex- Salt Creek § 06.1969, 1970 Gauchito, § 09.1989

St. John's River SB Co. - Jacksonville, 5930/6090 t (3210 grt/4150 dwt), 99.1×14.7×5.4 m, 1400 bhp, 11.5 kt, 72-90 p.

B.15 Punta Loyola 1944/03.1945/07.1945 12.1948 ex- Capitan, ex- AOG-64 Klickitat § 05.1964, 05.1966 n/u, 1968 Alkene, w† 09.01.1974 9°35'N 126°8'E

B.16 Punta Delgada 01.1945/04.1945/09.1945 1948 ex- Sugarland, ex- AOG-66 Nanticoke § 1983, dp† 04.03.1985 off La Plata

B.17 Punta Ninfas 12.1944/03.1945/08.1945 04.1948 ex- Black Bayou, ex- AOG-65 Michigamme § 08.1963, 05.1966 n/u, 1968 Moises, # 1976

Swan, Hunter & Wigham Ltd. - Wallsend, 14352/16331 t (10676 grt/8250 dwt), 153×18.9×8.7 m, 18 kt, 99 p.

B.19 Punta Médanos 1949/02.1950/12.1950 § 02.1984, h† 20.06.1988 34°40'S 48°94'W

1 ex-landing vessel, LCI(L) type

G. Lawley & Sons - Neponset, 628 t, 48×7×1.7 m, 13 kt, 30 p.

B.22 Punta Lara /05.1944 09.1960 ex landing craft BDI №10, 1948 ex- LCIL-688 § 1961

1 "Ingeniero Julio Krause" class

Astilleros "Astarsa" SA - San Fernando, 8346 t (4814 grt/6000 dwt), 111.5×17.2×8.6 m, 10.5 kt, 32 p.

B.13 Ingeniero Julio Krause /1980/01.1981 03.1993 ex- n/u

Astilleros "Astarsa" SA - San Fernando, 4341 grt/6794 dwt, 114.5×17.2×8.7 m, 14 kt.

Capitán Tulio Panigadi /10.1971/1973 1989 ex- Ceibo 1997 n/u

Water Carriers (Buque cisterna)

J. Rennie & Co. - Greenwich, 420/490 t, 32.3×9.2×3.2 m, 9 kt, 40 p.

Bermejo /06.1875/ 1912 ex transport, 1898 ex gunboat § 1938, # 1949/55

1 Antarctic Auxiliary Ships (Buque polar)

A/S Framnæs m/V - Sandefjord, 250 t (166 grt), 30×6×3 m, 307 ihp, 8 kt, 18 p. Civilian chartered for 1923.

Rosita /11.1905 1924 Diomed, 1927 Clemente, extant 1942

Chantiers Navals Anversois - Hoboken, 1500 t (851 grt), 64×9.5×4 m. Civilian chartered for 1934.

Rata /12.1903/01.1904 1923 ex- Villa Franca, 1922 ex- Fagerton, 1918 ex- Fagertun dw† 16.07.1947 40°52'S 60°33'W

Cook, Welton & Gemmell - Beverley, 166 t, 6.8×3.6×3.1 m, 45 hp, 9 kt, 16 p. Civilian chartered 1941-1942.

Dias /01.1906/02.1906 1926 ex- Kapsduen, 1919 ex- #2729 Viola III, 06.1915 ex- BF.968 Viola s† 1974 Grytviken, ⌂ 02.2004, laid up

Akers m/V - Oslo, 204 grt, 35.7×6.7×3 m, 750 ihp, 8 kt, 20 p. Civilian whaler chartered 1946-1947.

Don Samuel /07.1925/08.1925 w† 11.11.1951 King Haakon Bay

Ålborg Værft A/S, 1944 t (1244 grt/1265 dwt), 64.9×11.2×5 m, 11.5 kt. Civilian chartered 1967-1968.

Martin Karlsen /01.1952/05.1952 1967 ex- Kista Dan 1968 n/u, 1979 Benjamin Bowring, 1983 Arctic Gael, 1984 yacht Olympiakos (conversion planned, but cancelled), # 08.1998

Astillero Príncipe y Menghi SA - Buenos Aires, 9200-9600 t, 132.8×19.5×7 m, 16-18 kt, 127 p. Pennant number changed c1986.

Q.6 B.1 Bahía Paraíso 1980/07.1981/11.1981 w† 28.01.1989 Bismarck Strait

AG "Weser" Seebeckwerft - Bremen, 4854/5301 t (1600 dwt), 85×18.6×6.4 m, 16 kt, 1x 102mm, 2x 40mm, 160 p.

Q.4 General San Martín 1953/06.1954/10.1954 § 1982

Oy Wärtsilä AB - Turku, 14900 t, 121.3×25×9.5 m, 17 kt, 2x Sea King helicopters, 135 p. Also support ship.

Q.5 Almirante Irízar 07.1977/02.1978/12.1978 d= 04.2007

Salvage Vessels (Buque de salvamento)

Marietta Manufacturing Co. - Point Pleasant, 982 t (574 grt), 43×10.2×4.8 m, 12 kt, 2x 20mm, 40 p.

Charrúa /1943 03.1947 ex- LT-224 § 1963, tugs floating base, § 1964

R.7 Guaraní /05.1945 02.1947 ex- LT-817 n† 14.10.1958

1 Minensuchboot 1916 (M 57) type

Tecklenborg - Geestermünde, 515/553 t, 59.3×7.4×2.2 m, 16 kt, 30 p.

A.8 Seguí 1916/12.1917/01.1918 12.1945 ex aviso, 02.1936 ex minesweeper M.8, 01.1923 ex- Marianne, 07.1921 ex- M 90 § 04.1950, 08.1951 chartered as hulk, b† 18.08.1963 Concepción del Uruguay

Delaware, 1115 t, 58×11×3.5 m, 13 kt, 45 p.

Ranquel ?? 1955 ex- M.O.P. 249-B § 05.1960, # 1962

Wheeler SB Corp. - Whitestone, 930 t (560 grt), 53.6×9.9×3.4 m, 10 kt, 40 p.

B.7 San Julián 1944 11.1958 ex transport, 06.1947 ex- SVD-381, ex FS-281 § 1990

Levingston Shipbuilding Co. - Orange, 689/835 t, 43.6×10.2×4 m, 12-13 kt, 1x 40mm or 2x 20mm, 49 p.

A.5 Diaguita /07.1943/ 01.1954 ex tug, 08.1947 ex- ATA-124, 05.1944 ex ATR-46 1965 aviso, § 1979

1 "King Salvor" class ocean salvage vessel

W. Simons & Co. - Renfrew, 1600/1750 t (1115 grt), 65.8×11.5×4 m, 12 kt, 80-82 p.

Q.81 Tehuelche, 04.1963 Guardiamarina Zicari 05.1941/05.1942/07.1942 04.1961 ex- Kingfisher, 04.1954 ex A291 King Salvor § 1974

Higgins - New Orleans, 38 t, 23.9×6.1×1.3 m, 40 kt, 4x 12.7mm MG, 12 p. Based in Ushuaia.

P.82 Alakush 1948 1972 ex LT №3 § 1984/85

P.84 Towwora 1948 1972 ex LT №5 § 1984/85

Gaviota (1909, 05.1931 ex Jenner, § 10.1955)

A.F. Smulders - Utrecht, 180 t, 21.4×3.1×2.8 m, 9 kt, 7 p.

Mero 1907 1912 ex- M.O.P. 222-B § 02.1952

R.18 Corvina 1907 1912 ex- M.O.P. 223-B § 02.1959

J. Thornycroft & Co. - Woolston, 450/615-620 t (345 grt), 39.6×8.5×3.1 m, 12 kt, 30-35 p. Pennant number changed in 1960.

R.9 Ona 1912/1913/08.1914 § 07.1967

R.10 R.2 Querandí 1912/07.1914/10.1914 § 1971

95 t, 28×4.5×1.5 m, 300 hp, 5-7 p.

R.51, 01.1941 Guaraní 1916 § 1948/51

J. Penn, 120 t, 18.5×4.3×2.1 m, 7 kt, 5-7 p.

202-B 1881 1916 ex- M.O.P. 202-B 1924 M.O.P. 202-B

206-B 1889 1917 ex- M.O.P. 206-B § 12.1921, 1922 M.O.P. 206-B

Remolcador №1 1883 1917 ex- M.O.P. .. 1929 M.O.P. ..

Remolcador №2 1881 1917 ex- M.O.P. 202-B [?] 1929 M.O.P. 202-B [?]

Seebeckwerft - Bremerhaven, 245 t, 23×5×1.9 m.

R.3, 1928 R.52 ?? 1920 ex- M.O.P. 229-B 1936 M.O.P. 229-B

Bethlehem Co. - Boston, 437 grt, 45.7×8.4×5 m, 14 kt, 21 p.

Azopardo /09.1919 12.1922 ex- Barstow § 05.1941

W. Hawthorn, Leslie Ltd. - Newcastle, 450/600 t (339 grt), 42.4×8.7×3.5 m, 12 kt, 34 p.

R.6 Mataco 1927/01.1928/03.1928 § 1962

R.7 Toba 1927/12.1927/03.1928 ® 1964/65-1967, § 1980

Hamburg, 170 t, 19.9×5.4×2.8 m, 9 kt, 12 p.

Abipón 1904 08.1942 ex- Ajax § 09.1966

Hamburg, 260 t, 14.5×3.6×1.5 m, 11 kt, 12 p.

Lules 1906 08.1942 ex- Ayudante § 07.1969

Schiffswerft (J&S) Altona, 253 t (237 grt), 33.9×6.7×3 m, 9 kt, 10-15 p.

Timbú 1906 08.1942 ex- Goliat, WW1 ex- n/u § 1959

Yagán 1906 08.1942 ex- Samson, WW1 ex- n/u § 1944

J.L. Meyer - Papenburg, 185 t (173 grt), 30.8×6.3×2.9, 300 hp, 14 p.

Olco 1906 08.1942 ex- Hércules, WW1 ex- n/u § 07.1969

Vilela 1906 08.1942 ex- Cíclope, WW1 ex- n/u § c1949

J.L. Meyer - Papenburg, 114 t (103 grt), 23.4×5.7×2.9 m, 11 kt, 12-16 p.

Haush 1906 08.1942 ex- Atleta, WW1 ex- n/u § 1946/47

Schiffswerft (J&S) Altona, 113 t (120 grt), 22×5.8×2.3 m, 9 kt, 15 p.

Comechingon 1908 08.1942 ex- Aquiles, WW1 ex- n/u § 09.1966

J. & A. van der Schuyt - Papendrecht, 281 t (227 grt), 33×7×3 m, 10 kt, 12-16 p.

Ranquel /06.1914 08.1942 ex- Almagro § 08.1954

Howaldtswerke - Kiel, 312 t (247 grt), 32.7×8.3×3 m, 8 kt, 10 p.

R.12 Huarpe 1927 08.1942 ex- Gigante § 1979

R.13 Puelche 1927 08.1942 ex- Coloso § 1970

Taller de Marina de Dársena Norte - Buenos Aires, 280 t (35 grt), 24.4×6.7×3 m, 9 kt, 10-16 p.

Mocoví 1941/02.1942/04.1943 § 1963

Anvers, 300 t, 22×5×1.8 m, 8-10 p.

Caroline 1907 1943 ex-. § 1960

1 "Base Naval de Puerto Belgrano №1" class

Base Naval de Puerto Belgrano, 45 t, 16×2.9×1.4 m, 10 kt, 4-5 p.

Rosario de Santa Fé, 167 t, 31.7×6×3 m, 8 kt, 10 p.

Marocain 1911 1947 ex- § 05.1955

Levingston Shipbuilding co. - Orange, 689/835 t, 43.6×10.2×4 m, 12-13 kt, 49 p.

A.5 Diaguita /07.1943/ 08.1947 ex- ATA-124, 05.1944 ex ATR-46 01.1954 salvage ship, 1965 aviso, § 1979

A.6 Yámana /08.1943/ 05.1947 ex- ATA-126, 05.1944 ex ATR-48 1965 aviso, § 1972/74

A.7 Chiriguano /08.1943/ 08.1947 ex- ATA-127, 05.1944 ex ATR-49 1965 aviso, 1980s survey ship Q.15 Chiriguano, § 1996

RHF.2 Sanavirón 1943 08.1947 ex- ATA-128, 05.1944 ex ATR-50 1965 aviso A.8 n/u, § 1990s

Pusey & Jones - Wilmington, 570/880 t, 46.5×10×2.8 m, 10 kt, 15 p.

Mataras /03.1908/11.1908 03.1948 ex- Snohomish, 12.1934 ex- n/u § 02.1952

Astilleros y Fabricas Navales del Estado SA - Río Santiago, 330 grt, 32×8×2.9 m, 11 kt, 13-14 p.

R.29 Pehuenche /11.1948/1954 § 1984/85

R.30 Tonocote /1950/1954 § 1982

L-352-P Gobernador Godoy (1911, 1957 ex-, § 1960)

Astilleros y Fabricas Navales del Estado SA - Río Santiago, 355/368 t, 32.5×7.5×3.3 m, 9 kt, 14 p.

R.32 Quilmes 03.1956/07.1957/03.1960

R.33 Guaycurú 08.1956/12.1959/07.1960

Charleston Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., 1235/1674 t, 62.5×11.7×5.2 m, 2xII 40mm & 2x 20mm, 85 p.

R.40 Comandante General Irigoyen /11.1944/03.1945 07.1961 ex- ATF-152 Cahuilla 1966 aviso A.1 n/u

R.41 Comandante General Zapiola 11.1941/06.1942/01.1943 07.1961 ex- ATF-68 Arapaho 1966 aviso A.2 n/u, † 01.1976

Astilleros Vicente Forte - Buenos Aires, 247/270 t, 33.6×8.4×3 m, 12 kt, 30 p.

R.2 Querandí 1974/12.1977/08.1978

R.3 Tehuelche 1974/1977/11.1978

209 t, 30.3×8.4×3.2 m, 12 kt, 2+8 p.

R.1 Huarpe ?? 10.1988 ex civilian § 1997

R.7 Ona 1964 10.1988 ex civilian

R.8 Toba 1963 10.1988 ex civilian based at Ushuaia

R.4 R.12 Mataco 1971 02.1994 ex civilian

70/80 t, 20.4×4.3×2.4 m, 10 kt, 5 p. Till 06.1977 on lease.

• R. Jacob SY - City Island: R.16 Capayán 1945 03.1965 ex- YTL-443

R.18 Chiquillán 1944 03.1965 ex- YTL-444

R.5 Mocoví 1945 03.1969 ex- YTL-441

• H.C. Grebe Co. - Chicago: R.19 Morcoyan 1945 03.1965 ex- YTL-448

R.6 Calchaquí 1944 03.1969 ex- YTL-446

• Everett Pacific SB: R.10 Chulupí 1945 03.1969 ex- YTL-426

Base Naval de Buenos Aires, 300 t, 20×8.8×1.8 m. Pennant numbers assigned in 1941.

B.31 Ferry Boat №1 1911 § 1951

B.32 Ferry Boat №2 1911 § 1953

Base Naval de Río Santiago, 400 t, 35×12×1.8 m, 500 hp.

J. L. Meyer - Hamburg, 168 t, 40.4×8.4×2.4 m.

Calchaquí 1912 10.1946 ex- § 1964

Chiriguana 1912 10.1946 ex- § 1968

J. L. Meyer - Hamburg, 72 t, 30.2×6.3×1.7 m.

Segunda 1906 10.1946 ex- § 1968

Tercera 1906 10.1946 ex- § 1969

Cuarta 1906 10.1946 ex- § 1965

Y.114 Sexta 1906 10.1946 ex- § 1969

Septima 1906 10.1946 ex- § 1967

Y.115 Octava 1906 10.1946 ex- § 1969

Astilleros D. Giuliani - Concordia, 35 t, 19×6.2×1.5 m, w/o engine.

Atacama 1884 01.1955 ex- § 02.1970

Williams & Denny Bros. - London, 181 t, 36.7×8.9×2.9 m.

Artemisa 1888 01.1955 ex- § af.1970

Hermes 1888 01.1955 ex- § 1970

Zeus 1888 01.1955 ex- § 1965

Adria 1889 01.1955 ex- § 1960/70s

Lesina 1889 01.1955 ex- § 1961

Buenos Aires, 162 t, 42×10.1×0.9 m.

Venecia 1889 01.1955 ex- § 1962

Doria y Poggi - Buenos Aires, 35 t, 18.9×6.2×1.6 m.

Algerie 1905 01.1955 ex- § 1970

San Fernando, 47 t, 24.4×7.6×1.2 m.

Trelew 1906 01.1955 ex- § 1970

Caseros 1906 01.1955 ex- § 1962

Mocoreta 1908 01.1955 ex- § af.1970

Lago Nahuel Huapi Cía. Mihanovich 1912 01.1955 ex- § af.1970

Río Coyle Carmelo 1912 01.1955 ex- § af.1970

Río Pilcomayo Montevideo 1912 01.1955 ex- § af.1970

Astillero "Dekade" - Buenos Aires, 24 t, 15.1×4.6×1.2 m.

Martineta 1913 01.1955 ex- § af.1970

Astilleros de Corrientes, 220 t, 30×6.6×1.8 m.

Prison Ships (Buque prisión)

A. & J. Inglis - Pointhouse, 2000 grt, 91.8×11×2.7 m, 8 kt, 2277 ihp, 85 p.

Justicia Social /10.1896/01.1897 09.1955 chartered ex- n/u, 1949 ex Paris, 1911 ex- n/u 1958 returned, # 1969

A. & J. Inglis - Pointhouse, 659 t (2400 grt), 100.2×12.3×2.7 m, 8 kt, 2680 ihp, 45 p.

Washington /06.1906/10.1906 09.1955 chartered ex- n/u, 1915 ex Viena 1955 returned, § 1966, b† 03.06.1967 Riachuelo, 1981 ⌂ #

Puerto de la Capital 1905 ex-private § 1911

1 Conrad Werft, 56.5×9.5×3.1 m, 9-10 kt, 25 p.

206-C 1904 1911 ex- M.O.P. 206-C 1921 M.O.P. 206-C

Cazón ?? 1912-30 and 1959-71 ceded ex- M.O.P. 302-C

Carmen Artal, 01.1941 Ballenato ?? $ 1915 § 10.1955

W. Simons & Co. - Renfrew, 580 t (2281 grt), 86.9×6.7×6.1 m, 9 kt, 44 p.

211-C /02.1912/1912 1917 ex- M.O.P. 211-C 1924 M.O.P. 211-C

E.54 B.28 Cachalote 1907 01.1941 ex- M.O.P. 18-C 1955 M.O.P. 18-C

W. Simons & Co. - Renfrew, 1995 t (2588 grt), 90×16×3 m.

La Descamisada /03.1946/04.1946 1949 ex- M.O.P. 229-C, 1947 ex- Empire Forager 1954 M.O.P. 223-C, # 1976

Ferguson Shipbuilders - Port Glasgow, 800 t (2594 grt), 90.2×16×2.2 m.

Miguel Miranda /02.1946/04.1946 1949 ex- M.O.P. 230-C, 1947 ex- Empire Sorcerer 1955 M.O.P. 224-C, # 1988

246-C 1940s? 1955 ex- M.O.P. 246-C 1955/56 M.O.P. 246-C

4 Floating Cranes (Grúa flotante)

Toba 1914 $ 1919 § 1929, # 1931

4 14 Kayser SY, 350 t, 25×18×1.9 m, non-propelled.

2 Floating Docks (Dique flotante)

Dique Flotante 1894 § 1936, #

1 1500 t, 91.5×18.3×12.5 m. Based at Dársena Norte.

1 1000 t, 45× m. Based in Puerto Belgrano.

1 750 t, 65.8×14×13.7 m. Based in Puerto Belgrano.

1 "Auxiliary Repair Dock 12" class

Pacific Bridge Co. - Alameda, 3500/5200 t, 150×21×3.5 m. Based in Mar del Plata. Till 09.1993 in lease.

Arizona 2020 election audit allegedly finds deleted data, unsecured ballots, missing chain of custody

According to a letter from Karen Fann, President of the Arizona State Senate, sent to the Maricopa Board of Supervisors, the county continues to flout valid, legislative subpoenas, refusing to hand over virtual images of routers. The county has also allegedly failed to provide the passwords necessary to access vote tabulation devices for the audit.

". attorneys for Maricopa County have refused to produce virtual images of routers used in connection with the general election." Karen Fann, Arizona Senate President

A second issue flagged by the audit has to do with "anomalies" in chain of custody processes for ballots. The letter says the county has yet to provide chain of custody documentation, bags storing the ballots were not sealed, batch dividers are missing, and ballot boxes were sealed with regular tape rather than tamper evident seals.

The third issue mentioned is the alleged deletion of "the entire 'Database' directory from the D drive of the machine 'EMSPrimary'.” That would mean subpoenaed data has been removed. According to the audit, there is also evidence that the "main database for all election related data for the 2020 General Election has been removed."

Arizona is one of several important states where Donald Trump enjoyed an initial lead, only to have it disappear as questioned mail-in, dropbox, and absentee votes were counted.

The vast majority of votes cast in Arizona, 2.1 million of nearly 3.4 million ballots, were cast in Maricopa County.

According to the official tally, Biden beat Trump by 10,457 votes, or 0.3 percent.

Over 70,000 more people voted in Maricopa County in 2020 than in 2016.

Joe Biden is only the second Democrat to win Arizona in 70 years.

In not turning over the routers, Maricopa County officials have said that providing them would “endanger the lives of law enforcement officers, their operations, or the protected health information and personal data of Maricopa County’s citizens." The county has also said that producing the internet routers for inspection would cost up to six million dollars.

Read the letter and documentation below.

Maricopa Board of Supervisors

301 West Jefferson Street, #10

I am writing to seek your assistance and cooperation in the resolution of three (3) serious issues that have arisen in the course of the Senate’s ongoing audit of the returns of the November 3, 2020 general election in Maricopa County.

I. Ongoing Non-Compliance with the Legislative Subpoenas

The first issue concerns Maricopa County’s apparent intent to renege on its previous commitment to comply fully with the legislative subpoenas issued on January 13, 2021, which, as you know, Judge Thomason found were valid and enforceable.

To date, attorneys for Maricopa County have refused to produce virtual images of routers used in connection with the general election, relying on a conclusory and unsupported assertion that providing the routers would somehow “endanger the lives of law enforcement officers, their operations, or the protected health information and personal data of Maricopa County’s citizens.” If true, the fact that Maricopa County stores on its routers substantial quantities of citizens’ and employees’ highly sensitive personal information is an alarming indictment of the County’s lax data security practices, rather than of the legislative subpoenas. Similarly, the County’s assertion that producing the internet routers for inspection would cost up to $6,000,000 seems at odds with Deputy County Attorney Joseph La Rue’s prior representation to Audit Liaison Ken Bennett that the routers already had been disconnected from the County’s network and were prepared for imminent delivery to the Senate.

Nevertheless, in an effort to resolve the dispute regarding production of the routers, we propose that agents of CyFIR, an experienced digital forensics firm and subcontractor of Cyber Ninjas, review virtual images of the relevant routers in Maricopa County facilities and in the presence of representatives of the Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office. Such an arrangement would permit Maricopa County to retain custody and monitor the review of router data, while ensuring that the Senate may access the information it requires—and to which it is constitutionally entitled—to successfully complete its audit. The Senate has no interest in viewing or taking possession of any information that is unrelated to the administration of the 2020 general election.

Separately, Maricopa County has refused to provide the passwords necessary to access vote tabulation devices. Its attorneys’ insistence that the County does not have custody or control of this information is belied by the County’s conduct of its own audits, which, if they were as comprehensive as they purported to be, almost certainly would have entailed use of the passwords to examine the tabulation devices, and it strains credulity to posit that the County has no contractual right to obtain (i.e., control of) password information from Dominion.

II. Chain of Custody and Ballot Organization Anomalies

As the audit has progressed, the Senate’s contractors have become aware of apparent omissions, inconsistencies, and anomalies relating to Maricopa County’s handling, organization, and storage of ballots. We hope you can assist us in understanding these issues, including specifically the following:

The County has not provided any chain-of-custody documentation for the ballots. Does such documentation exist, and if so, will it be produced? The bags in which the ballots were stored are not sealed, although the audit team has found at the bottom of many boxes cut seals of the type that would have sealed a ballot bag. Why were these seals placed at the bottom of the boxes? Batches within a box are frequently separated by only a divider without any indication of the corresponding batch numbers. In some cases, the batch dividers are missing altogether. This lack of organization has significantly complicated and delayed the audit team’s ballot processing efforts. What are the County’s procedures for sorting, organizing, and packaging ballot batches? Most of the ballot boxes were sealed merely with regular tape and not secured by any kind of tamper-evident seal. Is that the County’s customary practice for storing ballots? The audit team has encountered a significant number of instances in which there is a disparity between the actual number of ballots contained in a batch and the total denoted on the pink report slip accompanying the batch. In most of these instances, the total on the pink report slip is greater than the number of ballots in the batch, although there are a few instances in which the total is lower. What are the reasons for these discrepancies? For your reference, please see several illustrative (i.e., not comprehensive) examples in the table below:

Pallet Ballot Type Batch Pink Slip Total Actual Total Discrepancy 5 EV 2104 200 198 -2 5 EV 9276 200 165 -35 15 EV 9278 200 187 -13 15 EV 1643 200 218 18 7 EV 6359 197 187 -10

For your convenience, images of the corresponding pink report slips are attached in Exhibit A.

We have recently discovered that the entire “Database” directory from the D drive of the machine “EMSPrimary” has been deleted. This removes election related details that appear to have been covered by the subpoena. In addition, the main database for the Election Management System (EMS) Software, “Results Tally and Reporting,” is not located anywhere on the EMSPrimary machine, even though all of the EMS Clients reference that machine as the location of the database. This suggests that the main database for all election related data for the November 2020 General Election has been removed. Can you please advise as to why these folders were deleted, and whether there are any backups that may contain the deleted folders?

The image below shows the location of the files known to be deleted. In addition, the main database for “Results Tally and Reporting” is not present.

I am hopeful that we can constructively resolve these issues and questions without recourse to additional subpoenas or other compulsory process. To that end, I invite you and any other officers or employees of Maricopa County (to include officials in the Elections Department) who possess knowledge or information concerning the matters set forth above to a meeting at the Arizona State Capitol on Tuesday, May 18, 2021 at 1:00 p.m. in Hearing Room 109. Chairman Petersen, former Secretary Bennett and I will attend the meeting, which will be live-streamed to the public.

Please let me know at your earliest convenience whether you accept my invitation and, if so, which Maricopa County personnel will attend.

Thank you for your cooperation on these important issues of public concern.

Sharyl Attkisson!
Watch Sharyl host "Full Measure," a Sunday morning talk show on the Sinclair network.

Her newest book Slanted is available now along with her book Smear which has a Five Star rating.

Hours and Locations

To obtain copies of public records, you may visit the Clerk's Office from 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM, Monday through Friday at the following locations:

Customer Service Center
601 W. Jackson
Phoenix, AZ 85003

To obtain copies of public records by mail, please address your request to:

Correspondence Section
Clerk of the Superior Court
201 West Jefferson Street
Phoenix, AZ 85003

Please include in your request:

  • The case number
  • The names of the parties at the time the case was filed
  • The specific documents you want to receive
  • The filing date or year filed
  • The number of pages of the document to be copied, if known
  • Your day-time phone number and/or e-mail address so we may contact you with any questions.

If you do not have the above information, it may be necessary to assess a $30.00 fee for each year to be researched and for each name researched.

To obtain copies of public records by phone, please call (602) 37-CLERK, or (602) 372-5375.

Please have the following information available with your request:

  • The case number
  • The names of the parties at the time the case was filed
  • The specific documents you want to receive
  • The filing date or year filed
  • The number of pages of the document to be copied, if known
  • Your day-time phone number and/or e-mail address so we may contact you with any questions.

If you do not have the above information, it may be necessary to assess a $30.00 fee for each year to be researched and for each name researched.

To obtain copies of public records by fax, please fax the Correspondence Section, Clerk of the Court at (602) 506-7619.

Please include in your request:

  • You must indicate on the request that you would like the document(s) faxed back.
    The case number
  • The names of the parties at the time the case was filed
  • The specific documents you want to receive
  • The filing date or year filed
  • The number of pages of the document to be copied, if known
  • Your fax number
  • Your day-time phone number and/or e-mail address so we may contact you, if needed

If you do not have the above information, it may be necessary to assess a $30.00 fee for each year to be researched and for each name researched.

Note: Certified copies cannot be faxed back.

To obtain copies by e-mail, please reach out to us at [email protected]

Please have the following information available with your request:

  • The case number
  • The names of the parties at the time the case was filed
  • The specific documents you want to receive
  • The filing date or year filed, if known
  • The number of pages of the document to be copied, if known
  • Your day-time phone number and/or e-mail address so we may contact you with any questions.

If you do not have the above information, it may be necessary to assess a $30.00 fee for each year to be researched and for each name researched.


In a continuing effort to promote access to justice, the Arizona Supreme Court has launched a web-based portal called e-Access. e-Access provides convenient 24 x 7 online access to case records and documents that are unrestricted and open to the public.

e-Access is available to the public, attorneys, government users, the media, and litigants. Case documents will be available for a fee. To learn more, please visit eAccess webpage.

Online Docket

For online access to court records, case histories and minute entries, please use the Clerk's online docket system.

Case History Information

For case history information, please visit the Superior Court's docket web page. You won't be able to view documents or obtain copies, but will be able to look up cases by name or case number and see the docket entries.

ECR Online

The ECR Online system provides access to documents in the Electronic Court Record (ECR) for those cases you, as a registered user, are a party to. Attorneys are able to access images on cases where they are on the case record, and individual parties will have access to cases where you are the party of record. Access ECR Online.

We&rsquove come a long way since opening our first store in Los Angeles, CA, in 1959. And we remain as passionate as ever about investing in America.

Building our products close to our customers helps us support the communities where we work and live. We&rsquore especially proud to have been the very first international automaker capable of complete product creation in the U.S., and that in 2020, 68.1% of Honda vehicles sold in America were manufactured here using globally and locally-sourced parts.

Honda Factbook
Note: PDF may not render properly on all devices/browsers

#10 – Dedicated Postmaster Dies in 1986

One of the pioneers of Maricopa, Fred Cole, died in 1986. He had been a dedicated postmaster and integral to the history of the city.

When you are shopping for homes in Maricopa, you are looking at much more than the real estate available. You are looking at a city that is rich in history. Talk to your Maricopa realtor to learn some other unknown gems about this wonderful city.

The Maricopa Real Estate Company is ready to help you find your dream home in Maricopa. Our realtors know this city inside and out, and they can help you find the perfect home to meet all your needs and wish list items. Contact us today to learn more about why you should move to Maricopa or to start your search.

Watch the video: Check out how Maricopa County recycles tires!